Logical Positivism

   The Question of the Validity and Justification of Metaphysics
   There have been many opponents of metaphysics from the Greek sceptics to the empiricists of the nineteenth century. Criticisms of very diverse kinds have been set forth. Many have declared that the doctrine of metaphysics is false, since it contradicts our empirical knowledge. Others have believed it to be uncertain, on the ground that its problems transcend the limits of human knowledge. Many anti-metaphysicians have declared that occupation with metaphysical questions is sterile. Whether or not these questions can be answered, it is at any rate unnecessary to worry about them; let us devote ourselves entirely to the practical tasks which confront active men every day of their lives!
   The development of modern logic has made it possible to give a new and sharper answer to the question of the validity and justification of metaphysics. The researchers of applied logic or the theory of knowledge, which aim at clarifying the cognitive content of scientific statements and thereby the meanings of the terms that occur in the statements, by means of logical analysis, lead to a positive and to a negative result. The positive result is worked out in the domain of empirical science; the various concepts of the various branches of science are clarified; their formal, logical and epistemological connections are made explicit.
   In the domain of metaphysics, including all philosophy of value and normative theory, logical analysis yields the negative result that the alleged statements in this domain are entirely meaningless. Therewith a radical elimination of metaphysics is attained, which was not yet possible from the earlier anti-metaphysical standpoints. (Carnap, 1959, p. 60)

Historical dictionary of quotations in cognitive science. . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Logical positivism — logical positivism …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Logical positivism — (also known as logical empiricism, scientific philosophy, and neo positivism) is a philosophy that combines empiricism the idea that observational evidence is indispensable for knowledge with a version of rationalism incorporating mathematical… …   Wikipedia

  • logical positivism — logical positivist. a philosophical movement that stresses the function of philosophy as a method of criticizing and analyzing science and that rejects all transcendental metaphysics, statements of fact being held to be meaningful only if they… …   Universalium

  • logical positivism — n. a movement in philosophy which tests all statements by reference to sense experience or the structure of language and is concerned with the unification of the sciences through a common logical language: also called logical empiricism …   English World dictionary

  • logical positivism — noun the form of empiricism that bases all knowledge on perceptual experience (not on intuition or revelation) • Syn: ↑positivism • Derivationally related forms: ↑logical positivist, ↑positivistic (for: ↑positivism), ↑positivist …   Useful english dictionary

  • logical positivism — Also known as logical empiricism and scientific empiricism; the ideas and attitude towards philosophy associated with the Vienna circle. This group was founded by Schlick in 1924, and in effect ended with his death in 1936 and the dispersal of… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Logical positivism — a philosophy (of science), that originated in the Vienna Circle in the 1920s, which holds that philosophy should aspire to the same sort of rigor as science. Philosophy should provide strict criteria for judging sentences true, false and… …   Mini philosophy glossary

  • logical positivism — (also logical empiricism) noun a form of positivism which considers that the only meaningful philosophical problems are those which can be solved by logical analysis …   English new terms dictionary

  • logical positivism — noun Date: 1931 a 20th century philosophical movement that holds characteristically that all meaningful statements are either analytic or conclusively verifiable or at least confirmable by observation and experiment and that metaphysical theories …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • logical positivism — See positivism ; Vienna Circle …   Dictionary of sociology

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.